word number: 1404
Time: 2021-04-25 21:14:05 +0000
This is not an official guide, not peer reviewed, and does not even take citations but only my opinion based on my experience of 9 years as a student in university. As years passes, experience and knowledge accumulates where this article maybe upgraded in the future. Still, I hope this article can answer to those who asked me of how to make a research plan. I probably made this article based mostly on my dissertation but check out my thesis and final project as well.
You probably already have a field or major unless you just solely aimed to be accepted in a university only. Well if you are, then you better choose a general field like Computers, Electrical Engineering, Mathematics, Science, Social Science, Agriculture, Politics, Law, Art, Language, etc. For me, I am mostly in Computers, Internet, and Electrical Engineering because I spent most of my time on the computer and the Internet where they cannot function without electricity.
What do you want to concentrate on in your field? If you say that you want to focus on electricity, electricity today have many applications. Do you want to do electronics such as with television, refrigerator, air conditioner, etc, or do you want to do electrical power such as with generators and power line transmissions, do you want to do telecommunications where electricity is used to deliver information such as your old phone and new smartphone, or do you want to study electricity as a science? There are many things and as for my field in Computers and Internet and I chose information communication educational technology (ICET). Computers can be for many things such as for calculation, processing, simulation, arts, gaming, etc, also for Internet such as social media, e-commerce, news, entertainment, etc. I chose utilizing Computers and Internet for education.
A topic is a discussion that you want to highlight in your concentrated field such the newest power plant, innovation in online payments, latest technology on video games, etc. However a “research” topic starts with a problem. A problem is not always accidents in operations like the power plant exploded and what to do, the Internet traffic got congested so how to solve, or classical math like solve this equation. A problem can be something that we want to do but cannot do such as how to send our other senses through the Internet like touch, smell, and test, how to find specific words mentioned in an audio or video, and how to verify transactions without third party. A problem can also be a desire for improvement such as how to generate more clean electricity daily, how to reduce electricity consumption, how to download a high definition video in less than a second, and how to increase the processing speed of computer processes. I chose a topic of how to capture students’ attention and interaction during online learning.
While choosing a research topic can be done with minimum general information reading and brainstorming your own idea regarding the problem and solution, but to be accepted as a research, you need to survey how other researchers are doing. If you remained in your workshop connect a single board computer to a graphic processing unit (GPU) card and claimed that you assembled a hand size gaming computer, then ASUS, Dell, and other providers already released a hand size gaming computer that is much faster and much smaller if you do not know. For general audience who did not understand what I said, I will provide another example. You can stay in a cave, assemble a bunch of rechargeable batteries and components and claimed that you build a pocket charger for your phone, but you should realize that you are behind times that many powerbanks are already on the market. Unless you surveyed those products and claimed at least one advantage such as your creations are cheaper.
When I surveyed others’ research about capturing students’ attention and interaction during online learning, I found some tried to improve the conventional method where they use surveys and quizzes, some tried video calls, and some newer methods emerges which are eye tracking and mouse tracking. I decided to go with mouse tracking. Then I gathered any literatures regarding mouse tracking prioritizing ones in the education sector.
Where do I do literature reviews? While the conventional library books still works but in modern times, we have more options:
State of the art is the goal of literature review which is the most recent stage in the development of a product, incorporating the newest technology, ideas, and features. In other words, what novelty can you contribute? After reading all those literatures, what problems that you found or what issues that others have not highlighted or what ideas that have never emerged before? The quality and quantity of the state of the art determines the quality of the research plan.
As for my case about mouse tracking in education: